Pump Action / Slide Action
Pump - A type of action for shoulder-mounted, repeating firearms, whereby pulling the forend rearward ejects the spent shell and re-cocks the mainspring, and sliding the forend forward again chambers the next cartridge and locks the breech, preparatory to firing again with another pull of the trigger. Examples of this type of firearm are the Winchester Model 61 (above) the Winchester Model 12 shotgun and the Remington Model 870 shotgun.
It has been said that operating the slide action helps focus the mind and coordinates the hand with the eye for better shooting. However, the pump action---and all repeating shotguns (except the Cosmi)---have the disturbing attribute for others, when shooting in a group, of not being obviously safe or all ready to fire. On the other hand, a break-open gun, carried open, is obviously safe and is therefore far less stressful for others.
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