Ejectors and Extractors

                                                                                         Barrels with Ejectors                                                                                                                                                                                                      Barrels with Extractors  

Ejectors - Fittings inset into the breech end of a pair of barrels of a break-open gun, operated by a spring mechanism, that kick out fired shells, while only raising unfired shells enough to be removed by hand. Recognizable at a glance on the breech end of a double gun because the fitting is split in two---one ejector for each barrel. 

Extractors - A fitting inset into the breech end of a pair of barrels of a break-open gun. When the gun is opened the extractor lifts the cartridges (whether fired or not) so they may be removed by hand. Recognizable at a glance on the breech end of a double gun because the fitting is solid---one extractor taking care of both barrels together. Sometimes called Lifters.

 

The ejector mechanism itself is normally fitted inside the forend. Two common forms are the Southgate (or Holland & Holland system) and the Baker.

 

The Southgate system works on the principle of an over-center cam:

 

 

The Baker system works on a system of direct-acting coil springs:

(Diagrams from Burrard, The Modern Shotgun)

 

Ejector on a Webley revolver

 

When all else fails, one can always resort to a manual case extractor.

 

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